Yttrium-90-Ibritumomab Tiuxetan (Zevalin®) Radioimmunotherapy after Cytoreduction with ESHAP Chemotherapy in Patients with Relapsed Follicular Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Final Results of a Phase II Study

Soham D. Puvvada, José M. Guillén-Rodríguez, Jessica Yan, Lora Inclán, Kara Heard, Xavier I. Rivera, Faiz Anwer, Daruka Mahadevan, Jonathan H Schatz, Daniel O. Persky

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2 Scopus citations


Background: Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) is effective in treating relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma (FL), with durable remissions in first-line consolidation. We hypothesized that RIT with ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin®) would result in durable remissions by eliminating minimal residual disease after cytoreduction. Methods: Patients with FL received 2 cycles of ESHAP (etoposide, methylprednisolone, cytarabine, cisplatin) every 28 days, followed by Zevalin 4–6 weeks later if there was no disease progression and bone marrow biopsy showed < 25% involvement. Results: Twenty-eight patients were treated, with a median age of 61 years, median of 3 prior therapies, 49% high-risk disease (Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index, FLIPI), and 39% progressive disease. Three patients did not receive Zevalin due to residual bone marrow involvement. The main toxicities were cytopenias, with 11% febrile neutropenia. The overall response rate (ORR) was 72%, with 45% achieving complete response. With a median follow-up of 73 months, 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 38%, and median PFS was 10 months, but median overall survival (OS) was not reached. Conclusion: The study did not reach its primary endpoint of a 1-year PFS of 67.3%. Reasons for this could include low accrual, high-risk disease, and inadequate debulking provided by 2 cycles of ESHAP. However, this protocol was associated with tolerable toxicity, high ORR, and high OS. Further studies would optimize debulking and focus on high-risk FL patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOncology (Switzerland)
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 22 2018



  • CD20
  • Follicular lymphoma
  • Indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Phase II trial
  • Relapsed/refractory lymphoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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