Youth and weapons: Patterns, individual and neighborhood correlates of violent crime arrests in Miami-Dade County, Florida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study uses arrest data from the Miami-Dade County Police Department (n = 13 districts) for 2014–2017 to identify census tracts in which weapon violence arrests among young people aged 10–24 is high, and models area-level predictors of the total number of violent weapons crimes by census tract (greenness and socioeconomic status indices, population density and weapon dealers), after adjusting for arrestee-level factors (age, race and gender). Combined, handguns and firearms accounted for 23.2% (n = 1330) of all arrests (including murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault). Arrests for weapon -related violent crime are concentrated in census tracts located in the north and south neighborhoods of Miami-Dade County. Findings indicate that arrestee factors and a neighborhood greenness index are more important than population density, weapon dealers and poverty in predicting arrests for weapon-related violent crime at the census tract level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102407
JournalHealth and Place
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Density: police brutality
  • Florida
  • GIS
  • Kernel density
  • Miami
  • Place
  • USA
  • Young people: robbery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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