XLPRA: A canine retinal degeneration inherited as an X-linked trait

G. M. Acland, S. H. Blanton, B. Hershfield, G. D. Aguirre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Breeding studies are reported of a previously undescribed hereditary retinal degeneration identified in the Siberian Husky breed of dog. This disorder clinically resembles the previously reported autosomal recessive canine hereditary retinal degenerations collectively termed progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). However, the pedigree of the propositus, a male Siberian Husky, exhibited an X-linked pattern of transmission. This dog was outcrossed to three phenotypically normal female laboratory Beagles and two of their F1 daughters were bred to a phenotypically normal male Beagle, producing affected males in the F2 generation. Subsequent inbreedings produced further affected males and affected females as well. X-linked transmission was established by exclusion of alternative modes of inheritance and, consequently, the disease has been termed X-linked progressive retinal atrophy (XLPRA). This is the first reported X-linked retinal degeneration in an animal. Because of the many similarities of PRA in dogs to retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in humans, this new disease may not only represent the first animal model of X-linked RP (XLRP) but may well be a true homolog of one of the XLRP loci (RP2, RP3, RP6). It is the first retinal degeneration in dogs that can be assigned to an identified canine chromosome, and the first for which linkage mapping offers a realistic approach to proceed by positional cloning towards identifying the responsible gene locus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of medical genetics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • animal model
  • dog
  • hereditary retinal degeneration
  • progressive retinal atrophy
  • retinitis pigmentosa
  • Siberian Husky
  • X-chromosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)


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