Xenophobia towards Palestinian citizens of Israel among Russian immigrants in Israel: Heightened by failure to make gains in a new democratic society

Daphna Canetti-Nisim, Eran Halperin, Stevan E. Hobfoll, Robert Johnson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This study advances a comprehensive analysis of the antecedents of xenophobia towards Palestinian citizens of Israel among Israeli immigrants from the former Soviet Union in comparison to nonimmigrant Jewish Israelis. We conducted a large-scale study of xenophobia in the face of terrorism in Israel by means of telephone surveys in September 2003 and analyzed a sample of 641 nonimmigrant Jewish Israelis and 131 immigrants. Findings obtained via interaction analyses and structural equation modeling show that a) immigrants are more xenophobic than nonimmigrant Jewish Israelis ; b) authoritarianism predicts xenophobia both among immigrants and non-immigrants; c) support for extreme right-wing political tendencies, as well as perceived psychosocial loss in response to terror, account for a significant portion of the variance in xenophobia, but only among nonimmigrant Jewish Israelis; and, finally, d) failure to undergo posttraumatic growth in response to terrorism (e.g., finding meaning in life, becoming closer to others) is a significant predictor of xenophobia only among immigrants. Results suggest that immigrant xenophobia is more a product of their experience of being immigrants, whereas nonimmigrant Jewish Israelis are more impacted by personal and social characteristics and their experiences when facing terrorism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWorking Paper of the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies
Edition327
StatePublished - Oct 2006

Fingerprint

xenophobia
Palestinian
Israel
Israeli
immigrant
citizen
terrorism
social characteristics
authoritarianism
Society
society
USSR
telephone
experience
interaction
modeling

Keywords

  • Authoritarianism
  • Conservation of resources theory
  • Democratic norms and ideas
  • Immigrants from the former Soviet Union
  • Palestinian citizens of Israel
  • Terrorism
  • Xenophobia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development

Cite this

Canetti-Nisim, D., Halperin, E., Hobfoll, S. E., & Johnson, R. (2006). Xenophobia towards Palestinian citizens of Israel among Russian immigrants in Israel: Heightened by failure to make gains in a new democratic society. In Working Paper of the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies (327 ed.)

Xenophobia towards Palestinian citizens of Israel among Russian immigrants in Israel : Heightened by failure to make gains in a new democratic society. / Canetti-Nisim, Daphna; Halperin, Eran; Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Johnson, Robert.

Working Paper of the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies. 327. ed. 2006.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Canetti-Nisim, D, Halperin, E, Hobfoll, SE & Johnson, R 2006, Xenophobia towards Palestinian citizens of Israel among Russian immigrants in Israel: Heightened by failure to make gains in a new democratic society. in Working Paper of the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies. 327 edn.
Canetti-Nisim D, Halperin E, Hobfoll SE, Johnson R. Xenophobia towards Palestinian citizens of Israel among Russian immigrants in Israel: Heightened by failure to make gains in a new democratic society. In Working Paper of the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies. 327 ed. 2006
Canetti-Nisim, Daphna ; Halperin, Eran ; Hobfoll, Stevan E. ; Johnson, Robert. / Xenophobia towards Palestinian citizens of Israel among Russian immigrants in Israel : Heightened by failure to make gains in a new democratic society. Working Paper of the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies. 327. ed. 2006.
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