X-UDS: The Chandra Legacy Survey of the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey Field

Dale D. Kocevski, Guenther Hasinger, Murray Brightman, Kirpal Nandra, Antonis Georgakakis, Nico Cappelluti, Francesca Civano, Yuxuan Li, Yanxia Li, James Aird, David M. Alexander, Omar Almaini, Marcella Brusa, Johannes Buchner, Andrea Comastri, Christopher J. Conselice, Mark A. Dickinson, Alexis Finoguenov, Roberto Gilli, Anton M. KoekemoerTakamitsu Miyaji, James R. Mullaney, Casey Papovich, David Rosario, Mara Salvato, John D. Silverman, Rachel S. Somerville, Yoshihiro Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the X-UDS survey, a set of wide and deep Chandra observations of the Subaru-XMM Deep/UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey (SXDS/UDS) field. The survey consists of 25 observations that cover a total area of 0.33 deg2. The observations are combined to provide a nominal depth of ∼600 ks in the central 100 arcmin2 region of the field that has been imaged with Hubble/WFC3 by the CANDELS survey and ∼200 ks in the remainder of the field. In this paper, we outline the survey's scientific goals, describe our observing strategy, and detail our data reduction and point source detection algorithms. Our analysis has resulted in a total of 868 band-merged point sources detected with a false-positive Poisson probability of <1 × 10-4. In addition, we present the results of an X-ray spectral analysis and provide best-fitting neutral hydrogen column densities, N H, as well as a sample of 51 Compton-thick active galactic nucleus candidates. Using this sample, we find the intrinsic Compton-thick fraction to be 30%-35% over a wide range in redshift (z = 0.1-3), suggesting the obscured fraction does not evolve very strongly with epoch. However, if we assume that the Compton-thick fraction is dependent on luminosity, as is seen for Compton-thin sources, then our results are consistent with a rise in the obscured fraction out to z ∼ 3. Finally, an examination of the host morphologies of our Compton-thick candidates shows a high fraction of morphological disturbances, in agreement with our previous results. All data products described in this paper are made available via a public website.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number48
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume236
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

field survey
point source
point sources
data products
websites
spectral analysis
data reduction
XMM-Newton telescope
active galactic nuclei
spectrum analysis
hydrogen
disturbance
disturbances
examination
luminosity
time measurement
x rays

Keywords

  • galaxies: active
  • galaxies: nuclei
  • surveys
  • X-rays: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Kocevski, D. D., Hasinger, G., Brightman, M., Nandra, K., Georgakakis, A., Cappelluti, N., ... Ueda, Y. (2018). X-UDS: The Chandra Legacy Survey of the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey Field. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 236(2), [48]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/aab9b4

X-UDS : The Chandra Legacy Survey of the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey Field. / Kocevski, Dale D.; Hasinger, Guenther; Brightman, Murray; Nandra, Kirpal; Georgakakis, Antonis; Cappelluti, Nico; Civano, Francesca; Li, Yuxuan; Li, Yanxia; Aird, James; Alexander, David M.; Almaini, Omar; Brusa, Marcella; Buchner, Johannes; Comastri, Andrea; Conselice, Christopher J.; Dickinson, Mark A.; Finoguenov, Alexis; Gilli, Roberto; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Miyaji, Takamitsu; Mullaney, James R.; Papovich, Casey; Rosario, David; Salvato, Mara; Silverman, John D.; Somerville, Rachel S.; Ueda, Yoshihiro.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 236, No. 2, 48, 01.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Kocevski, DD, Hasinger, G, Brightman, M, Nandra, K, Georgakakis, A, Cappelluti, N, Civano, F, Li, Y, Li, Y, Aird, J, Alexander, DM, Almaini, O, Brusa, M, Buchner, J, Comastri, A, Conselice, CJ, Dickinson, MA, Finoguenov, A, Gilli, R, Koekemoer, AM, Miyaji, T, Mullaney, JR, Papovich, C, Rosario, D, Salvato, M, Silverman, JD, Somerville, RS & Ueda, Y 2018, 'X-UDS: The Chandra Legacy Survey of the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey Field', Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, vol. 236, no. 2, 48. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/aab9b4
Kocevski, Dale D. ; Hasinger, Guenther ; Brightman, Murray ; Nandra, Kirpal ; Georgakakis, Antonis ; Cappelluti, Nico ; Civano, Francesca ; Li, Yuxuan ; Li, Yanxia ; Aird, James ; Alexander, David M. ; Almaini, Omar ; Brusa, Marcella ; Buchner, Johannes ; Comastri, Andrea ; Conselice, Christopher J. ; Dickinson, Mark A. ; Finoguenov, Alexis ; Gilli, Roberto ; Koekemoer, Anton M. ; Miyaji, Takamitsu ; Mullaney, James R. ; Papovich, Casey ; Rosario, David ; Salvato, Mara ; Silverman, John D. ; Somerville, Rachel S. ; Ueda, Yoshihiro. / X-UDS : The Chandra Legacy Survey of the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey Field. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2018 ; Vol. 236, No. 2.
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abstract = "We present the X-UDS survey, a set of wide and deep Chandra observations of the Subaru-XMM Deep/UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey (SXDS/UDS) field. The survey consists of 25 observations that cover a total area of 0.33 deg2. The observations are combined to provide a nominal depth of ∼600 ks in the central 100 arcmin2 region of the field that has been imaged with Hubble/WFC3 by the CANDELS survey and ∼200 ks in the remainder of the field. In this paper, we outline the survey's scientific goals, describe our observing strategy, and detail our data reduction and point source detection algorithms. Our analysis has resulted in a total of 868 band-merged point sources detected with a false-positive Poisson probability of <1 × 10-4. In addition, we present the results of an X-ray spectral analysis and provide best-fitting neutral hydrogen column densities, N H, as well as a sample of 51 Compton-thick active galactic nucleus candidates. Using this sample, we find the intrinsic Compton-thick fraction to be 30{\%}-35{\%} over a wide range in redshift (z = 0.1-3), suggesting the obscured fraction does not evolve very strongly with epoch. However, if we assume that the Compton-thick fraction is dependent on luminosity, as is seen for Compton-thin sources, then our results are consistent with a rise in the obscured fraction out to z ∼ 3. Finally, an examination of the host morphologies of our Compton-thick candidates shows a high fraction of morphological disturbances, in agreement with our previous results. All data products described in this paper are made available via a public website.",
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AU - Hasinger, Guenther

AU - Brightman, Murray

AU - Nandra, Kirpal

AU - Georgakakis, Antonis

AU - Cappelluti, Nico

AU - Civano, Francesca

AU - Li, Yuxuan

AU - Li, Yanxia

AU - Aird, James

AU - Alexander, David M.

AU - Almaini, Omar

AU - Brusa, Marcella

AU - Buchner, Johannes

AU - Comastri, Andrea

AU - Conselice, Christopher J.

AU - Dickinson, Mark A.

AU - Finoguenov, Alexis

AU - Gilli, Roberto

AU - Koekemoer, Anton M.

AU - Miyaji, Takamitsu

AU - Mullaney, James R.

AU - Papovich, Casey

AU - Rosario, David

AU - Salvato, Mara

AU - Silverman, John D.

AU - Somerville, Rachel S.

AU - Ueda, Yoshihiro

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