X-ray flux from the warm-hot intergalactic medium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The number of detected baryons in the universe at z <0.5 is much smaller than predicted by standard big bang nucleosynthesis and by the detailed observation of the Lyα forest at redshift z = 2. Hydrodynamic simulations indicate that a large fraction of the baryons is expected to be in a "warm-hot" (105-107 K) filamentary gas, distributed in the intergalactic medium. This gas, if it exists, should be observable only in the soft X-ray and UV bands. Using the predictions of a particular hydrodynamic model, we simulated the X-ray flux as a function of energy in the 0.1-2 keV band due to the warm-hot intergalactic medium (WHIM) and compared it with the flux from other diffuse components. Our results show that as much as 20% of the total diffuse X-ray background (DXB) in the energy range 0.37-0.925 keV could be due to X-rays from the WHIM, 70% of which from filaments at redshift between 0.1 and 0.6. Simulations done using a FOV of 3′ show that in more than 20% of the observations we expect the WHIM flux to contribute to more than 20% of the DXB. These simulations also show that in about 10% of all the observations a single bright filament in the FOV accounts alone for more than 20% of the DXB flux. Redshifted oxygen lines should be clearly visible in these observations. We also investigate the expected angular distribution of the X-ray flux from the WHIM and found a characteristics angular scale of a few arcminutes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1085-1089
Number of pages5
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume652
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

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intergalactic media
x rays
baryons
filaments
hydrodynamics
simulation
nuclear fusion
gases
gas
energy
angular distribution
universe
oxygen
prediction
predictions

Keywords

  • Diffuse radiation
  • Large-scale structure of universe
  • X-rays: diffuse background

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

X-ray flux from the warm-hot intergalactic medium. / Ursino, E.; Galeazzi, Massimiliano.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 652, No. 2 I, 01.12.2006, p. 1085-1089.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The number of detected baryons in the universe at z <0.5 is much smaller than predicted by standard big bang nucleosynthesis and by the detailed observation of the Lyα forest at redshift z = 2. Hydrodynamic simulations indicate that a large fraction of the baryons is expected to be in a "warm-hot" (105-107 K) filamentary gas, distributed in the intergalactic medium. This gas, if it exists, should be observable only in the soft X-ray and UV bands. Using the predictions of a particular hydrodynamic model, we simulated the X-ray flux as a function of energy in the 0.1-2 keV band due to the warm-hot intergalactic medium (WHIM) and compared it with the flux from other diffuse components. Our results show that as much as 20% of the total diffuse X-ray background (DXB) in the energy range 0.37-0.925 keV could be due to X-rays from the WHIM, 70% of which from filaments at redshift between 0.1 and 0.6. Simulations done using a FOV of 3′ show that in more than 20% of the observations we expect the WHIM flux to contribute to more than 20% of the DXB. These simulations also show that in about 10% of all the observations a single bright filament in the FOV accounts alone for more than 20% of the DXB flux. Redshifted oxygen lines should be clearly visible in these observations. We also investigate the expected angular distribution of the X-ray flux from the WHIM and found a characteristics angular scale of a few arcminutes.

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