Working alone or together? Individual motivation, group identification and the development of TMS

Gergana Todorova, Linda Argote, Ray Reagans

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although research shows that teams with well-developed transactive memory systems (TMS) outperform teams lacking such memory systems, we know little about how teams develop TMS. In particular, we do not know how individual motivation affects the development of interdependent knowledge structures such as TMS. Using data from management teams engaged in a realistic business simulation, we examine the relationships among individual motivation, TMS, social identity, cohesion, and team performance. We discover that individual motivation to achieve group goals has a negative effect on the development of TMS in teams where both social identity and cohesion are low and do not direct the efforts of team members towards working together. Only when group identification, driven by social identity and cohesion, encourages team members to work together, does individual motivation stimulate the development of interdependent specialized structures of knowledge such as TMS. Moreover, findings show that, as predicted, TMS positively influence team performance. The study extends our understanding of the development of TMS by investigating the effects of motivation and group identification on team knowledge structures and the effects of those knowledge structures on performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Event68th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2008 - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 8 2008Aug 13 2008

Other

Other68th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2008
CountryUnited States
CityAnaheim, CA
Period8/8/088/13/08

Keywords

  • Motivation
  • Social identity
  • Transactive memory systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Working alone or together? Individual motivation, group identification and the development of TMS'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Todorova, G., Argote, L., & Reagans, R. (2008). Working alone or together? Individual motivation, group identification and the development of TMS. Paper presented at 68th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2008, Anaheim, CA, United States.