Women's exhaustion and coronary artery atherosclerosis progression: The stockholm female coronary angiography study

Frank Zimmermann-Viehoff, Hui Xin Wang, Richard Kirkeeide, Neil Schneiderman, Laurence Erdur, Hans Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: Vital exhaustion (VE) has been associated with incident and recurrent cardiac events. The present study investigated the impact of VE on coronary atherosclerosis progression for 3 years. We further aimed to detect the relative importance of the VE subcomponents, fatigue, and depressed mood. METHODS: 103 women (age range, 30-65 years) who had experienced an acute coronary event underwent quantitative coronary angiography at baseline and again after 3 years. VE and subcomponents were assessed using the Maastricht Questionnaire. RESULTS: VE correlated significantly with coronary artery diameter change for 3 years (r = -0.239, p = .015). When analyzed in quartiles, women of the highest VE level showed the most pronounced coronary artery luminal diameter narrowing (mean = 0.21 mm, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.15-0.27), women in the third quartile were intermediate (mean = 0.11 mm, 95% CI = 0.05-0.17), and women within the two lower quartiles showed no significant change. High levels of the depressed mood and fatigue subscales were also associated with coronary artery diameter narrowing (mean = 0.19 mm, 95% CI = 0.12-0.26, p = .003; and mean = 0.17 mm, 95% CI = 0.08-0.26, p = .03, respectively). However, the associations were attenuated when both variables were entered into the model simultaneously: 0.17 mm (95% CI = 0.09-0.25, p = .05) and 0.14 mm (95% CI = 0.03-0.25, p = .67), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: VE was associated with accelerated coronary atherosclerosis progression in relatively young women who had experienced an acute coronary event. This association was mainly driven by depressed mood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-485
Number of pages8
JournalPsychosomatic medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jun 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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