Wind induced sea level variability in the Red Sea

S. S. Sofianos, William E Johns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Analysis of TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry data for the Red Sea shows a large seasonal sea level signal in agreement with the few available coastal sea level stations. The results are compared with the predictions from a simple model that balances the sea surface elevation against the wind stress. The winter sea level field in the central and northern Red Sea is shown to be a response to the convergent wind pattern associated with the Indian Monsoon, consisting of NNW winds in the northern Red Sea and SSE winds in the south. There is a very good agreement between the model and observations, indicating that the basic mechanism responsible for the variability of the sea surface height inside the Red Sea on seasonal time scales is the wind pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3175-3178
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume28
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Red Sea
sea level
TOPEX-Poseidon
sea surface height
altimetry
TOPEX
wind stress
monsoons
sea surface
monsoon
winter
timescale
stations
sea
prediction
predictions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Wind induced sea level variability in the Red Sea. / Sofianos, S. S.; Johns, William E.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 28, No. 16, 15.08.2001, p. 3175-3178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sofianos, S. S. ; Johns, William E. / Wind induced sea level variability in the Red Sea. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2001 ; Vol. 28, No. 16. pp. 3175-3178.
@article{031488116e3943349838ef6103e872cf,
title = "Wind induced sea level variability in the Red Sea",
abstract = "Analysis of TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry data for the Red Sea shows a large seasonal sea level signal in agreement with the few available coastal sea level stations. The results are compared with the predictions from a simple model that balances the sea surface elevation against the wind stress. The winter sea level field in the central and northern Red Sea is shown to be a response to the convergent wind pattern associated with the Indian Monsoon, consisting of NNW winds in the northern Red Sea and SSE winds in the south. There is a very good agreement between the model and observations, indicating that the basic mechanism responsible for the variability of the sea surface height inside the Red Sea on seasonal time scales is the wind pattern.",
author = "Sofianos, {S. S.} and Johns, {William E}",
year = "2001",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1029/2000GL012442",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "3175--3178",
journal = "Geophysical Research Letters",
issn = "0094-8276",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "16",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wind induced sea level variability in the Red Sea

AU - Sofianos, S. S.

AU - Johns, William E

PY - 2001/8/15

Y1 - 2001/8/15

N2 - Analysis of TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry data for the Red Sea shows a large seasonal sea level signal in agreement with the few available coastal sea level stations. The results are compared with the predictions from a simple model that balances the sea surface elevation against the wind stress. The winter sea level field in the central and northern Red Sea is shown to be a response to the convergent wind pattern associated with the Indian Monsoon, consisting of NNW winds in the northern Red Sea and SSE winds in the south. There is a very good agreement between the model and observations, indicating that the basic mechanism responsible for the variability of the sea surface height inside the Red Sea on seasonal time scales is the wind pattern.

AB - Analysis of TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry data for the Red Sea shows a large seasonal sea level signal in agreement with the few available coastal sea level stations. The results are compared with the predictions from a simple model that balances the sea surface elevation against the wind stress. The winter sea level field in the central and northern Red Sea is shown to be a response to the convergent wind pattern associated with the Indian Monsoon, consisting of NNW winds in the northern Red Sea and SSE winds in the south. There is a very good agreement between the model and observations, indicating that the basic mechanism responsible for the variability of the sea surface height inside the Red Sea on seasonal time scales is the wind pattern.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035880499&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035880499&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1029/2000GL012442

DO - 10.1029/2000GL012442

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 3175

EP - 3178

JO - Geophysical Research Letters

JF - Geophysical Research Letters

SN - 0094-8276

IS - 16

ER -