Why Maximizing Quality-Adjusted Life Years, rather than Reducing HIV Incidence, Must Remain Our Objective in Addressing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic

Bohdan Nosyk, Jeong Eun Min, Xiao Zang, Daniel J Feaster, Lisa Metsch, Brandon D.L. Marshall, Carlos Del Rio, Reuben Granich, Bruce R. Schackman, Julio S.G. Montaner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

With efficacious behavioral, biomedical, and structural interventions available, combination implementation strategies are being implemented to combat HIV/AIDS across settings internationally. However, priority statements from national and international bodies make it unclear whether the objective should be the reduction in HIV incidence or the maximization of health, most commonly measured with quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Building off a model-based evaluation of HIV care interventions in British Columbia, Canada, we compare the optimal sets of interventions that would be identified using HIV infections averted, and QALYs as the primary outcome in a cost-effectiveness analysis. We found an explicit focus on averting new infections undervalues the health benefits derived from antiretroviral therapy, resulting in suboptimal and potentially harmful funding recommendations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Incidence
British Columbia
Insurance Benefits
HIV Infections
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Canada
Health
Infection
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • economic evaluation
  • economic model
  • HIV
  • quality-adjusted life years

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Why Maximizing Quality-Adjusted Life Years, rather than Reducing HIV Incidence, Must Remain Our Objective in Addressing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic. / Nosyk, Bohdan; Min, Jeong Eun; Zang, Xiao; Feaster, Daniel J; Metsch, Lisa; Marshall, Brandon D.L.; Rio, Carlos Del; Granich, Reuben; Schackman, Bruce R.; Montaner, Julio S.G.

In: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care, Vol. 18, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nosyk, Bohdan ; Min, Jeong Eun ; Zang, Xiao ; Feaster, Daniel J ; Metsch, Lisa ; Marshall, Brandon D.L. ; Rio, Carlos Del ; Granich, Reuben ; Schackman, Bruce R. ; Montaner, Julio S.G. / Why Maximizing Quality-Adjusted Life Years, rather than Reducing HIV Incidence, Must Remain Our Objective in Addressing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic. In: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care. 2019 ; Vol. 18.
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