Why are Tailored Messages More Effective? A Multiple Mediation Analysis of a Breast Cancer Screening Intervention

Jakob D. Jensen, Andy J. King, Nick Carcioppolo, Lashara Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations


Past research has found that tailoring increases the persuasive effectiveness of a message. However, the observed effect has been small and the explanatory mechanism remains unknown. To address these shortcomings, a tailoring software program was created that personalized breast cancer screening pamphlets according to risk, health belief model constructs, and visual preference. Women aged 40 and older (N=119) participated in a 2 (Tailored vs. Stock Message)×2 (Charts/Graphs vs. Illustrated Visuals)×3 (Nested Replications of the Visuals) experiment. Participants provided with tailored illustrated pamphlets expressed greater breast cancer screening intentions than those provided with other pamphlets. In a test of 10 different mediators, perceived message relevance was found to fully mediate the Tailoring×Visual interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)851-868
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Communication
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this