Whole organ decellularization - A tool for bioscaffold fabrication and organ bioengineering

Pedro M. Baptista, Giuseppe Orlando, Sayed Hadi Mirmalek-Sani, Mohummad Siddiqui, Anthony Atala, Shay Soker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of synthetic and naturally-derived scaffolds for bioengineering of solid organs has been limited due to a lack of an integrated vascular network. Here, we describe fabrication of a bioscaffold system with intact vascular tree. Animal-donor organs and tissues, ranging in size up-to thirty centimeters, were perfused with decellularization solution to selectively remove the cellular component of the tissue and leave an intact extracellular matrix and vascular network. The vascular tree demonstrated sequential fluid flow through a central inlet vessel that branched into an extensive capillary bed and coalesced back into a single outlet vessel. In one example, the liver, we used central inlet vessels to perfuse human and animal liver cells through the bioscaffold to create a functional liver tissue construct in vitro. These results demonstrate a novel yet simple and scalable method to obtain whole organ vascularized bioscaffolds with potential for liver, kidney, pancreas, intestine and other organs' bioengineering. These bioscaffolds can further provide a tool to study cells in their natural three-dimensional environment, which is superior for drug discovery platform compared with cells cultured in two-dimensional petri dishes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEngineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages6526-6529
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424432967
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Event31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Sep 2 2009Sep 6 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009

Other

Other31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period9/2/099/6/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

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