Whitecaps

Spectral reflectance in the open ocean and their contribution to water-leaving radiance

Karl D. Moore, Kenneth Voss, Howard R. Gordon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reflectance of white caps in the open ocean is obtained with a 6-channel spectral radiometer, extended from the bow of a ship, at wavelengths; 410, 440, 510, 670 and 860 nm. In addition to reflectance data, air/water temperature, wind speed and direction are obtained as well as GPS information in order to characterize ocean surface conditions. A visual reference for sea surface conditions measured by the radiometer is recorded using a video camera mounted beside the radiometer. By measuring a small area of the water surface over time, the presence and spectral influence of whitecaps can be quantified.Using this technique the spectral reflectance of individual whitecaps can be measured and tracked through their complete life cycle. Also, integration over a larger time series of ocean surface reflectance data provides a measurement of the augmented or extra contribution from white water reflectance to the water leaving radiance observed by ocean color satellites. Estimates of the augmented reflectance are subsequently correlated to sea surface state, and include the frequency of occurrence and spectral contribution from various levels of white water reflectance as whitecaps grow and decay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Pages246-251
Number of pages6
Volume2963
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
EventOcean Optics XIII - Halifax, NS, Canada
Duration: Oct 22 1996Oct 22 1996

Other

OtherOcean Optics XIII
CountryCanada
CityHalifax, NS
Period10/22/9610/22/96

Fingerprint

spectral reflectance
Radiance
radiance
Reflectance
Ocean
oceans
reflectance
Water
radiometers
Radiometer
water
Radiometers
ocean surface
water temperature
Ocean Color
bows
ships
surface water
caps
Wind Speed

Keywords

  • Augmented reflectance contribution
  • Spectral reflectance
  • Whitecaps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Moore, K. D., Voss, K., & Gordon, H. R. (1997). Whitecaps: Spectral reflectance in the open ocean and their contribution to water-leaving radiance. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 2963, pp. 246-251) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.266428

Whitecaps : Spectral reflectance in the open ocean and their contribution to water-leaving radiance. / Moore, Karl D.; Voss, Kenneth; Gordon, Howard R.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 2963 1997. p. 246-251.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Moore, KD, Voss, K & Gordon, HR 1997, Whitecaps: Spectral reflectance in the open ocean and their contribution to water-leaving radiance. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 2963, pp. 246-251, Ocean Optics XIII, Halifax, NS, Canada, 10/22/96. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.266428
Moore KD, Voss K, Gordon HR. Whitecaps: Spectral reflectance in the open ocean and their contribution to water-leaving radiance. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 2963. 1997. p. 246-251 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.266428
Moore, Karl D. ; Voss, Kenneth ; Gordon, Howard R. / Whitecaps : Spectral reflectance in the open ocean and their contribution to water-leaving radiance. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 2963 1997. pp. 246-251
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