When bioterrorism strikes: Diagnosis and management of inhalational anthrax

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In October and November, 2001, reports of patients with inhalational anthrax reacquainted the public with this ancient disease and introduced the harsh reality of a bioterrorist act. Bacillus anthracis, a rod-shaped, spore-forming bacterium, primarily infects herbivores. Humans traditionally have acquired the disease from occupational or agricultural exposure to infected animals and animal products. Recent events saw the intentional release of anthrax spores, using the U.S. postal system as an unlikely and unwilling agent. Cutaneous disease, pulmonary disease, and gastrointestinal anthrax are the known clinical manifestations of anthrax. Inhalational anthrax has the highest mortality and is the main focus of this report.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-145
Number of pages12
JournalSeminars in Respiratory Infections
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Microbiology (medical)


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