Well-being and family role strains among Cuban American and puerto rican mothers of adults with mental retardation

Sandra Magana, Marsha Mailick Seltzer, Marty Wyngaarden Krauss, Mark Rubert, Jose Szapocznik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This article examines predictors of depressive symptoms and caregiving burden in a sample of Cuban American and Puerto Rican caregivers of an adult child with mental retardation. Using a stress process model of caregiving, the focus of this analysis was on family role strains that result from the caregiving process, which were hypothesized to be particularly strong predictors of maternal well-being in Latino families. Findings indicate that Cuban American mothers of adults with mental retardation had higher socioeconomic status than Puerto Rican mothers, yet there was a substantial amount of within-group heterogeneity in family socio-demographic characteristics, linked closely with immigration patterns for the Cuban American mothers. However, taking into account socio-demographic diversity and ethnicity, findings demonstrate that mothers whose family had more problems had higher levels of burden and depressive symptoms, supporting the hypothesized importance of family functioning to Latina mothers with a non-normative parenting challenge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-55
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 2002


  • Cuban
  • Mental retardation
  • Puerto Rican
  • Role strains
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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