Welfare reform and child care: Evidence from 10 experimental welfare-to-work programs

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Abstract

This article examines the employment and child care responses of families participating in 10 experimental welfare reform programs conducted in the United States between 1989 and 2002. For the programs analyzed, child care use increases by about the same amount as the increase in employment. Most of the increased child care comprises informal care by a relative, particularly care by a sibling or a grandparent. Although there are significant differences in the child care responses across the various programs tested, there are no significant differences in the impacts for persons leaving welfare versus persons staying on welfare.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-468
Number of pages29
JournalEvaluation Review
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Child care
  • Experimental impact analysis
  • Welfare reform
  • Welfare-to-work programs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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