Weight Loss and Physical Activity for Disease Prevention in Obese Older Adults: an Important Role for Lifestyle Management

Willy Marcos Valencia, Mark Stoutenberg, Hermes Florez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Weight loss in older adults has been a controversial topic for more than a decade. An obesity paradox has been previously described and the issue of weight status on health outcomes remains a highly debated topic. However, there is little doubt that physical activity (PA) has a myriad of benefits in older adults, especially in obese individuals who are inactive and have a poor cardiometabolic profile. In this review, we offer a critical view to clarify misunderstandings regarding the obesity paradox, particularly as it relates to obese older adults. We also review the evidence on PA and lifestyle interventions for the improvement of cardiorespiratory fitness, which can prevent disease and provide benefits to obese older adults, independent of weight changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number539
JournalCurrent diabetes reports
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2014

Keywords

  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Diabetes
  • Disease prevention
  • Intentional weight loss
  • Lifestyle interventions
  • Obese older adult
  • Obesity paradox
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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