Weight charts and well-child care: How the pediatrician became the expert in child health

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Weighing children became popular in the 1910s, when public health workers hoped to identify malnourished children based on weight. They measured tens of thousands of children in school halls and church basements, compared their results with standard weight charts, and reported evidence of widespread malnutrition. In the 1920s, physicians argued that a complete medical history and a physical examination, not just weight, were necessary to diagnose malnutrition. By the 1930s, the weight chart had become merely one of the many diagnostic tools used to monitor the health of well children in the physician's office. Weight charts remain an essential part of pediatric practice, but their history is more than a simple tale of scientific progress. This article explores how pediatrics emerged as a primary care specialty in the midst of conflict over the meaning of weight, the professional role of women in medicine, and the pediatrician's preeminence as a child health expert.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1385-1389
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Volume155
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 27 2001

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Child Care
Weights and Measures
Malnutrition
Pediatrics
Professional Role
Physicians' Offices
Physical Examination
Child Health
Pediatricians
Primary Health Care
Public Health
History
Medicine
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Weight charts and well-child care : How the pediatrician became the expert in child health. / Brosco, Jeffrey P.

In: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 155, No. 12, 27.12.2001, p. 1385-1389.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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