Weighing of risk factors for penetrating keratoplasty graft failure: Application of risk score system

Abdo Karim Tourkmani, Valeria Sánchez-Huerta, Guillermo De Wit, Jaime D. Martínez, David Mingo, Ignacio Mahillo-Fernández, Ignacio Jiménez-Alfaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

AIM: To analyze the relationship between the score obtained in the Risk Score System (RSS) proposed by Hicks et al with penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) graft failure at 1y postoperatively and among each factor in the RSS with the risk of PKP graft failure using univariate and multivariate analysis. METHODS: The retrospective cohort study had 152 PKPs from 152 patients. Eighteen cases were excluded from our study due to primary failure (10 cases), incomplete medical notes (5 cases) and follow-up less than 1y (3 cases). We included 134 PKPs from 134 patients stratified by preoperative risk score. Spearman coefficient was calculated for the relationship between the score obtained and risk of failure at 1y. Univariate and multivariate analysis were calculated for the impact of every single risk factor included in the RSS over graft failure at 1y. RESULTS: Spearman coefficient showed statistically significant correlation between the score in the RSS and graft failure (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed no statistically significant relationship (P>0.05) between diagnosis and lens status with graft failure. The relationship between the other risk factors studied and graft failure was significant (P<0.05), although the results for previous grafts and graft failure was unreliable. None of our patients had previous blood transfusion, thus, it had no impact. CONCLUSION: After the application of multivariate analysis techniques, some risk factors do not show the expected impact over graft failure at 1y.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)372-377
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Graft failure
  • Penetrating keratoplasty
  • Score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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