Walking and proximity to the urban growth boundary and central business district

Scott Brown, Joanna Lombard, Matthew Toro, Shi Huang, Tatiana Perrino, Gianna Perez-Gomez, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Hilda Pantin, Olivia Affuso, Naresh Kumar, Kefeng Wang, Jose Szapocznik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Planners have relied on the urban development boundary (UDB)/urban growth boundary (UGB) and central business district (CBD) to encourage contiguous urban development and conserve infrastructure. However, no studies have specifically examined the relationship between proximity to the UDB/UGB and CBD and walking behavior. Purpose: To examine the relationship between UDB and CBD distance and walking in a sample of recent Cuban immigrants, who report little choice in where they live after arrival to the U.S. Methods: Data were collected in 2008-2010 from 391 healthy, recent Cuban immigrants recruited and assessed within 90 days of arrival to the U.S. who resided throughout Miami-Dade County FL. Analyses in 2012-2013 examined the relationship between UDB and CBD distances for each participant's residential address and purposive walking, controlling for key sociodemographics. Follow-up analyses examined whether Walk Scores, a built-environment walkability metric based on distance to amenities such as stores and parks, mediated the relationship between purposive walking and each of UDB and CBD distance. Results: Each one-mile increase in distance from the UDB corresponded to an 11% increase in the number of minutes of purposive walking, whereas each one-mile increase from the CBD corresponded to a 5% decrease in the amount of purposive walking. Moreover, Walk Score mediated the relationship between walking and each of UDB and CBD distance. Conclusions: Given the lack of walking and walkable destinations observed in proximity to the UDB/UGB boundary, a sprawl repair approach could be implemented, which strategically introduces mixed-use zoning to encourage walking throughout the boundary's zone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-486
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Urban Renewal
Walking
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Walking and proximity to the urban growth boundary and central business district. / Brown, Scott; Lombard, Joanna; Toro, Matthew; Huang, Shi; Perrino, Tatiana; Perez-Gomez, Gianna; Plater-Zyberk, Elizabeth; Pantin, Hilda; Affuso, Olivia; Kumar, Naresh; Wang, Kefeng; Szapocznik, Jose.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 47, No. 4, 01.01.2014, p. 481-486.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b4d0947feda444e4a5f74b0f4239943f,
title = "Walking and proximity to the urban growth boundary and central business district",
abstract = "Background: Planners have relied on the urban development boundary (UDB)/urban growth boundary (UGB) and central business district (CBD) to encourage contiguous urban development and conserve infrastructure. However, no studies have specifically examined the relationship between proximity to the UDB/UGB and CBD and walking behavior. Purpose: To examine the relationship between UDB and CBD distance and walking in a sample of recent Cuban immigrants, who report little choice in where they live after arrival to the U.S. Methods: Data were collected in 2008-2010 from 391 healthy, recent Cuban immigrants recruited and assessed within 90 days of arrival to the U.S. who resided throughout Miami-Dade County FL. Analyses in 2012-2013 examined the relationship between UDB and CBD distances for each participant's residential address and purposive walking, controlling for key sociodemographics. Follow-up analyses examined whether Walk Scores, a built-environment walkability metric based on distance to amenities such as stores and parks, mediated the relationship between purposive walking and each of UDB and CBD distance. Results: Each one-mile increase in distance from the UDB corresponded to an 11{\%} increase in the number of minutes of purposive walking, whereas each one-mile increase from the CBD corresponded to a 5{\%} decrease in the amount of purposive walking. Moreover, Walk Score mediated the relationship between walking and each of UDB and CBD distance. Conclusions: Given the lack of walking and walkable destinations observed in proximity to the UDB/UGB boundary, a sprawl repair approach could be implemented, which strategically introduces mixed-use zoning to encourage walking throughout the boundary's zone.",
author = "Scott Brown and Joanna Lombard and Matthew Toro and Shi Huang and Tatiana Perrino and Gianna Perez-Gomez and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk and Hilda Pantin and Olivia Affuso and Naresh Kumar and Kefeng Wang and Jose Szapocznik",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.amepre.2014.05.008",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "481--486",
journal = "American Journal of Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0749-3797",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Walking and proximity to the urban growth boundary and central business district

AU - Brown, Scott

AU - Lombard, Joanna

AU - Toro, Matthew

AU - Huang, Shi

AU - Perrino, Tatiana

AU - Perez-Gomez, Gianna

AU - Plater-Zyberk, Elizabeth

AU - Pantin, Hilda

AU - Affuso, Olivia

AU - Kumar, Naresh

AU - Wang, Kefeng

AU - Szapocznik, Jose

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Background: Planners have relied on the urban development boundary (UDB)/urban growth boundary (UGB) and central business district (CBD) to encourage contiguous urban development and conserve infrastructure. However, no studies have specifically examined the relationship between proximity to the UDB/UGB and CBD and walking behavior. Purpose: To examine the relationship between UDB and CBD distance and walking in a sample of recent Cuban immigrants, who report little choice in where they live after arrival to the U.S. Methods: Data were collected in 2008-2010 from 391 healthy, recent Cuban immigrants recruited and assessed within 90 days of arrival to the U.S. who resided throughout Miami-Dade County FL. Analyses in 2012-2013 examined the relationship between UDB and CBD distances for each participant's residential address and purposive walking, controlling for key sociodemographics. Follow-up analyses examined whether Walk Scores, a built-environment walkability metric based on distance to amenities such as stores and parks, mediated the relationship between purposive walking and each of UDB and CBD distance. Results: Each one-mile increase in distance from the UDB corresponded to an 11% increase in the number of minutes of purposive walking, whereas each one-mile increase from the CBD corresponded to a 5% decrease in the amount of purposive walking. Moreover, Walk Score mediated the relationship between walking and each of UDB and CBD distance. Conclusions: Given the lack of walking and walkable destinations observed in proximity to the UDB/UGB boundary, a sprawl repair approach could be implemented, which strategically introduces mixed-use zoning to encourage walking throughout the boundary's zone.

AB - Background: Planners have relied on the urban development boundary (UDB)/urban growth boundary (UGB) and central business district (CBD) to encourage contiguous urban development and conserve infrastructure. However, no studies have specifically examined the relationship between proximity to the UDB/UGB and CBD and walking behavior. Purpose: To examine the relationship between UDB and CBD distance and walking in a sample of recent Cuban immigrants, who report little choice in where they live after arrival to the U.S. Methods: Data were collected in 2008-2010 from 391 healthy, recent Cuban immigrants recruited and assessed within 90 days of arrival to the U.S. who resided throughout Miami-Dade County FL. Analyses in 2012-2013 examined the relationship between UDB and CBD distances for each participant's residential address and purposive walking, controlling for key sociodemographics. Follow-up analyses examined whether Walk Scores, a built-environment walkability metric based on distance to amenities such as stores and parks, mediated the relationship between purposive walking and each of UDB and CBD distance. Results: Each one-mile increase in distance from the UDB corresponded to an 11% increase in the number of minutes of purposive walking, whereas each one-mile increase from the CBD corresponded to a 5% decrease in the amount of purposive walking. Moreover, Walk Score mediated the relationship between walking and each of UDB and CBD distance. Conclusions: Given the lack of walking and walkable destinations observed in proximity to the UDB/UGB boundary, a sprawl repair approach could be implemented, which strategically introduces mixed-use zoning to encourage walking throughout the boundary's zone.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84920878005&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84920878005&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.05.008

DO - 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.05.008

M3 - Article

C2 - 24975010

AN - SCOPUS:84920878005

VL - 47

SP - 481

EP - 486

JO - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

JF - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

SN - 0749-3797

IS - 4

ER -