Voice handicap index results for older patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia

Judith M. Wingate, Bari Hoffman Ruddy, Donna S. Lundy, Jeffrey Lehman, Roy Casiano, Savita P. Collins, Gayle E. Woodson, Christine Sapienza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) adversely affects a speaker's ability to effectively communicate. For many individuals suffering with ADSD, botulinum toxin (Botox) is the chosen treatment to remediate the symptoms. Although Botox's effects on symptom remediation have been examined before, patient perception of improvement post-Botox has been examined less frequently. Further, no studies have addressed the symptomatic changes in older adults that occur after Botox treatment. The Voice Handicap Index (VHI) was used as the instrument to assess older patient's (>65 years) perception of how ADSD impacts certain areas of their life pre- and post-Botox injection. The outcome of the VHI was related to a clinical judgment of voice severity. Participants also completed the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) to examine overall stress level, and the outcome of the SRRS was correlated to postinjection VHI scores. Results indicated no significant correlation between VHI scores and voice severity or SRRS ratings. The current study suggests further study of voice outcomes with older adults with ADSD is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-131
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Voice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2005


  • Older adults
  • Spasmodic dysphonia
  • Voice handicap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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