Vocalizations associated with predator-type do not elicit predator-specific escape responses in grey squirrels

Thaddeus R. McRae, Steven Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Eastern gray squirrels produce moans for aerial predators and quaas for terrestrial threats. One commonly-supported hypothesis for such predator-associated signals is that they elicit predatorspecific escape responses in conspecifics. With simulated aerial predators, squirrels ran to the far side of tree trunks. In response to simulated terrestrial predators, squirrels frequently ran to where they could see the predator but could quickly flee to the far side of the tree trunk. Playbacks of quaas and moans elicited flight behaviour, but without association between escape location and alarm call type. Locations elicited by alarm calls differed from those elicited by simulated predators, with squirrels pausing on the side facing the call's source. While grey squirrel alarms and escape strategies differ by predator type, the vocalizations do not function to elicit divergent escape strategies in conspecifics. This result stands in contrast to observed functions in other species with calls differing by predator type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)997-1012
Number of pages16
JournalBehaviour
Volume154
Issue number9-10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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Sciurus carolinensis
Sciuridae
vocalization
predators
squirrels
tree trunk
flight

Keywords

  • Aerial and terrestrial predation threats
  • Alarm calls
  • Predator avoidance
  • Responses to vocalizations
  • Sciurus carolinensis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Vocalizations associated with predator-type do not elicit predator-specific escape responses in grey squirrels. / McRae, Thaddeus R.; Green, Steven.

In: Behaviour, Vol. 154, No. 9-10, 01.01.2017, p. 997-1012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McRae, Thaddeus R. ; Green, Steven. / Vocalizations associated with predator-type do not elicit predator-specific escape responses in grey squirrels. In: Behaviour. 2017 ; Vol. 154, No. 9-10. pp. 997-1012.
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