Vitrectomy in the treatment of uveitis

Matthias Becker, Janet Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

• PURPOSE: To assess the evidence that pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) is useful in improving vision, reducing disease activity, or ameliorating cystoid macular edema (CME) in patients with uveitis. • DESIGN: Review of the literature. • METHODS: A Medline search was conducted for relevant articles published in English, German, or French. Articles were analyzed for content and evidence level. • RESULTS: A total of 44 interventional case series published between 1981 and 2005 were identified that included 1575 patients (1762 eyes). Evidence level was grade CII-3 indicating possibly improved clinical outcomes with fair or poor evidence. The average age of patients was 36 years with a median duration of uveitis before surgery of 48 months and a median follow-up of 1.9 years. Intermediate uveitis was present in 841 eyes. Cystoid macular edema and cataract were common co-morbidities, and there were large numbers of additional surgical procedures. Visual outcomes in 39 articles were stated as improved in 708 eyes (68%), unchanged in 202 eyes (20%), and worsened in 124 eyes (12%). Reduction in systemic medication following PPV was reported in 25 studies. The median reported percentage of patients per study with CME was 36% preoperatively and 18% postoperatively. • CONCLUSIONS: Based on the evidence in the literature, PPV is possibly relevant to the outcomes of improving vision and reducing inflammation and CME. Randomized, controlled, collaborative trials or hypothesis-based case series with precise outcome measures that incorporate control groups would improve the quality of evidence supporting PPV as an adjunct to the medical treatment of uveitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1096-1105
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume140
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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