Visual impairment and unintentional injury mortality: The National Health Interview Survey 1986-1994

David J. Lee, Orlando Gómez-Marín, Byron L. Lam, D. Diane Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between reported visual impairment and unintentional injury mortality. DESIGN: Mortality linkage study of a population-based survey. METHODS: Mortality linkage through 1997 of 116,796 adult participants, aged 18 years and older, from the 1986 to 1994 National Health Interview Survey was analyzed with respect to reported visual impairment using Cox regression models. RESULTS: The average follow-up was 7.0 years, and 295 unintentional injury deaths were identified. After controlling for survey design, age, sex, and the presence and number of eye diseases, participants with severe, bilateral visual impairment were at increased risk of death relative to participants without visual impairment (hazard ratio: 7.4; 95% confidence interval: 3.0-17.8). CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide evidence that severe, bilateral visual impairment is associated with an increased risk of unintentional mortality among adults in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1152-1154
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume136
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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