Violence, coping, and consistent medication adherence in HIV-positive couples

Eliot J. Lopez, Deborah Jones, Olga Villar-Loubet, Kristopher Arheart, Stephen M Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which intimate partner violence (IPV) influences antiretroviral medication adherence. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that adherence would differ for men and women based on degree of violence and coping strategies employed by each gender. A sample of HIV seroconcordant and serodiscordant heterosexual couples was recruited from the Miami area and assessed on rates of medication adherence, conflict resolution tactics, and coping strategies. Of these, 190 individual participants were prescribed antiretroviral medication. Baseline rates of adherence were 90.29% for men and 87.77% for women. Acts of violence were found to have negative effects on adherence for women but not for men. However, negative coping strategies were predictive of poor adherence for men but not women. Violence was found to be related to poor coping styles for both men and women. This study offers support for the inclusion of partners in conducting interventions. Furthermore, it underlines the importance of recognizing IPV as a barrier to medication adherence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Fingerprint

Medication Adherence
Violence
coping
medication
HIV
violence
Heterosexuality
Negotiating
conflict resolution
tactics
inclusion
act
gender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Violence, coping, and consistent medication adherence in HIV-positive couples. / Lopez, Eliot J.; Jones, Deborah; Villar-Loubet, Olga; Arheart, Kristopher; Weiss, Stephen M.

In: AIDS Education and Prevention, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.02.2010, p. 61-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3fd020dd6c6c43a489b9831d57d364eb,
title = "Violence, coping, and consistent medication adherence in HIV-positive couples",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which intimate partner violence (IPV) influences antiretroviral medication adherence. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that adherence would differ for men and women based on degree of violence and coping strategies employed by each gender. A sample of HIV seroconcordant and serodiscordant heterosexual couples was recruited from the Miami area and assessed on rates of medication adherence, conflict resolution tactics, and coping strategies. Of these, 190 individual participants were prescribed antiretroviral medication. Baseline rates of adherence were 90.29{\%} for men and 87.77{\%} for women. Acts of violence were found to have negative effects on adherence for women but not for men. However, negative coping strategies were predictive of poor adherence for men but not women. Violence was found to be related to poor coping styles for both men and women. This study offers support for the inclusion of partners in conducting interventions. Furthermore, it underlines the importance of recognizing IPV as a barrier to medication adherence.",
author = "Lopez, {Eliot J.} and Deborah Jones and Olga Villar-Loubet and Kristopher Arheart and Weiss, {Stephen M}",
year = "2010",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1521/aeap.2010.22.1.61",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "61--68",
journal = "AIDS Education and Prevention",
issn = "0899-9546",
publisher = "Guilford Publications",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Violence, coping, and consistent medication adherence in HIV-positive couples

AU - Lopez, Eliot J.

AU - Jones, Deborah

AU - Villar-Loubet, Olga

AU - Arheart, Kristopher

AU - Weiss, Stephen M

PY - 2010/2/1

Y1 - 2010/2/1

N2 - The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which intimate partner violence (IPV) influences antiretroviral medication adherence. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that adherence would differ for men and women based on degree of violence and coping strategies employed by each gender. A sample of HIV seroconcordant and serodiscordant heterosexual couples was recruited from the Miami area and assessed on rates of medication adherence, conflict resolution tactics, and coping strategies. Of these, 190 individual participants were prescribed antiretroviral medication. Baseline rates of adherence were 90.29% for men and 87.77% for women. Acts of violence were found to have negative effects on adherence for women but not for men. However, negative coping strategies were predictive of poor adherence for men but not women. Violence was found to be related to poor coping styles for both men and women. This study offers support for the inclusion of partners in conducting interventions. Furthermore, it underlines the importance of recognizing IPV as a barrier to medication adherence.

AB - The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which intimate partner violence (IPV) influences antiretroviral medication adherence. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that adherence would differ for men and women based on degree of violence and coping strategies employed by each gender. A sample of HIV seroconcordant and serodiscordant heterosexual couples was recruited from the Miami area and assessed on rates of medication adherence, conflict resolution tactics, and coping strategies. Of these, 190 individual participants were prescribed antiretroviral medication. Baseline rates of adherence were 90.29% for men and 87.77% for women. Acts of violence were found to have negative effects on adherence for women but not for men. However, negative coping strategies were predictive of poor adherence for men but not women. Violence was found to be related to poor coping styles for both men and women. This study offers support for the inclusion of partners in conducting interventions. Furthermore, it underlines the importance of recognizing IPV as a barrier to medication adherence.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77449152486&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77449152486&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1521/aeap.2010.22.1.61

DO - 10.1521/aeap.2010.22.1.61

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 61

EP - 68

JO - AIDS Education and Prevention

JF - AIDS Education and Prevention

SN - 0899-9546

IS - 1

ER -