Veterans Administration cooperative study on hepatitis and dentistry.

Eugene R Schiff, M. D. de Medina, S. N. Kline, G. R. Johnson, Y. K. Chan, J. Shorey, N. Calhoun, E. F. Irish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Personnel in the VA dental facilities were screened for the detection of viral hepatitis and identification of factors implicating infectivity. A total of 963 personnel from 126 dental facilities throughout the United States voluntarily participated in the study. The rate of seroconversion for any hepatitis B markers was approximately 1% per year. Serial positive tests for antibody to hepatitis B core antigen or antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (or both) were present in 16.2% of dentists and 13.0% of dental auxiliary personnel. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons composed the highest prevalence occupation (24.0%), and clinical personnel composed the lowest prevalence occupation (8.9%). There was a significant association between years in dental environment and serological positivity for viral B infection. The dentists and dental auxiliary personnel had significant linear trends of increasing serological positivity with years in the dental environment. Although a majority of personnel reported wearing gloves while treating high-risk patients or performing invasive procedures, inadequate prophylactic measures were exercised for most patients undergoing a variety of less invasive procedures. The results of the study show the need for an active immunization program against type B viral infection for dental and dental auxiliary personnel, preferably before the initial exposure to the professional environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-396
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of the American Dental Association
Volume113
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

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Dental Auxiliaries
United States Department of Veterans Affairs
Dental Facilities
Dentistry
Hepatitis
Tooth
Virus Diseases
Dentists
Occupations
Hepatitis B Core Antigens
Hepatitis B Antibodies
Immunization Programs
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
Hepatitis B
Vaccination
Antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Schiff, E. R., de Medina, M. D., Kline, S. N., Johnson, G. R., Chan, Y. K., Shorey, J., ... Irish, E. F. (1986). Veterans Administration cooperative study on hepatitis and dentistry. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 113(3), 390-396.

Veterans Administration cooperative study on hepatitis and dentistry. / Schiff, Eugene R; de Medina, M. D.; Kline, S. N.; Johnson, G. R.; Chan, Y. K.; Shorey, J.; Calhoun, N.; Irish, E. F.

In: The Journal of the American Dental Association, Vol. 113, No. 3, 01.09.1986, p. 390-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schiff, ER, de Medina, MD, Kline, SN, Johnson, GR, Chan, YK, Shorey, J, Calhoun, N & Irish, EF 1986, 'Veterans Administration cooperative study on hepatitis and dentistry.', The Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 113, no. 3, pp. 390-396.
Schiff ER, de Medina MD, Kline SN, Johnson GR, Chan YK, Shorey J et al. Veterans Administration cooperative study on hepatitis and dentistry. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 1986 Sep 1;113(3):390-396.
Schiff, Eugene R ; de Medina, M. D. ; Kline, S. N. ; Johnson, G. R. ; Chan, Y. K. ; Shorey, J. ; Calhoun, N. ; Irish, E. F. / Veterans Administration cooperative study on hepatitis and dentistry. In: The Journal of the American Dental Association. 1986 ; Vol. 113, No. 3. pp. 390-396.
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