Vertical distribution of Eucalanoid copepods within the Costa Rica Dome area of the Eastern Tropical Pacific

Melanie L. Jackson, Sharon L Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

A variety of ecological strategies for tolerance of low-oxygen conditions within the Costa Rica Dome (CRD) area of the Eastern Tropical Pacific are documented for the copepod family Eucalanidae. During the summer of 2010, we compared the ecological strategies used by the Eucalanidae inside and outside the central CRD region. We compared the vertical and horizontal distributions of five species, Eucalanus inermis, Subeucalanus subtenuis, Subeucalanus subcrassus, Subeucalanus pileatus and Pareucalanus attenuatus together with Rhincalanus species, in the epipelagic (upper 200 m) among four locations, which we grouped into a section roughly crossing the core CRD area (inside-outside core CRD). The coastal area outside the CRD supported the most diverse assemblage, whereas overall abundance of Eucalanidae in the central CRD was 2-fold greater than outside and dominated by E. inermis (>60%). Eucalanidae in the central CRD had a shallow depth distribution, closely associated with the shallow thermocline (10-20 m). There was no evidence of daily vertical migration in the central CRD, but E. inermis demonstrated vertical migration outside the CRD. The vertical abundance patterns of Eucalanidae in the CRD region reflect complex interactions between subtle physical-chemical differences and food resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-316
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Plankton Research
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 18 2015

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Keywords

  • Eucalanidae
  • Eucalanus inermis
  • oxygen minimum zone
  • zooplankton biomass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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