Velocity measurements across fluid-porous medium interface using particle image velocimetry

A. R.A. Aziz, K. F.V. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


An experimental investigation is performed to directly measure the velocity field across the fluid-porous medium interface using the method of particle image velocimetry (PIV) in a refractive-index matched system. The test section consists of a rectangular channel bounded on one side by a cavity filled with spherical particles arranged in cubic formation. Velocity measurement at the pore level of the porous cavity is made possible by matching the refractive index of the fluid with those of the channel and the spherical particles. In the PIV approach, digital images of the flow field were obtained in successive frames, which, upon processing to detect particles' locations and application of tracking algorithms, yielded the instantaneous velocity across the interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Modelling and Simulation
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2003


  • Coupled channel-porous cavity flow
  • Fluid-porous medium interface
  • Particle velocimetry
  • Refractive-index matched system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Software
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Chemical Health and Safety


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