Variation in CASP10 gene is associated with idiopathic talipes equinovarus

Amy L. Heck, Molly S. Bray, Allison Scott, Susan H. Blanton, Jacqueline T. Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Idiopathic talipes equinovarus (ITEV), more commonly known as clubfoot, is a developmental deformity characterized by rigid ankle equinus, hindfoot varus, and forefoot adduction. This common birth defect is treatable, but the etiology of ITEV is largely unknown. Recently, a deletion in the chromosomal region 2q31-33 was found to be associated with clubfoot. Microsatellite markers spanning the region were genotyped in 57 multiplex ITEV families and 83 simplex trios. Family-based analysis revealed that two microsatellite markers, GATA149B10 and D2S1371, were associated with ITEV in the simplex trios. The 6cM region between the two markers contained the candidate genes CASP8, CASP10, and CFLAR. These genes encode proteins that are regulators of apoptosis, which is important during growth and development. Genotyping of SNPs throughout the genes in this sample of ITEV families has revealed positive linkage with association to the major allele of a variant in CASP10 in simplex ITEV white and Hispanic trios. This study is the first to find evidence for a candidate gene for ITEV and provides a scientific foundation to further explore the contributions of other apoptotic genes in the etiology of clubfoot.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)598-602
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Birth defect
  • CASP10
  • Caspases
  • Clubfoot
  • Complex disease
  • ITEV
  • Linkage and association

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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