Vapor phase sorbent precursors for toxic metal emissions control from combustors

Timothy M. Owens, Pratim Biswas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


A bench scale system incorporating a high temperature flow reactor has been utilized to study the reaction of metallic species and sorbent compounds. The reaction and interaction between a lead precursor and a vapor phase silica precursor is studied. The effect of chlorine and the effect of sorbent to metal feed ratio on lead speciation and size distribution is determined. The size distributions of the reacted compounds are measured by a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) and an optical particle counter (OPC). The product powders are also collected and their compositions established by X-ray diffraction (XRD) or, if an amorphous powder is collected, by infrared and Raman spectroscopy. Experiments have been performed at 500, 750, 1000, and 1250 °C and for reactor residence times of 0.5-1.0 s. For example, at 750 °C, for a lead feed in conjunction with a vapor phase silica precursor compound, the mean particle size exiting the reactor is significantly larger than for a lead only feed or a silicon only feed. The composition of the resulting aerosol is determined, via infrared and Raman spectroscopy, to be lead silicate, PbSiO3. Higher temperature results are similar. At lower temperatures, silica particles are not formed in the reactor. Higher silica precursor feed rates result in particles large enough for capture by conventional pollution control equipment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)792-798
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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