Validity of V̇O(2 max) in predicting blood volume: Implications for the effect of fitness on aging

V. A. Convertino, D. A. Ludwig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

A multiple regression model was constructed to investigate the premise that blood volume (BV) could be predicted using several anthropometric variables, age, and maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O(2 max)). To test this hypothesis, age, calculated body surface area (height/weight composite), percent body fat (hydrostatic weight), and V̇O(2 max) were regressed on to BV using data obtained from 66 normal healthy men. Results from the evaluation of the full model indicated that the most parsimonious result was obtained when age and V̇O(2 max) were regressed on BV expressed per kilogram body weight. The full model accounted for 52% of the total variance in BV per kilogram body weight. Both age and V̇O(2 max) were related to BV in the positive direction. Percent body fat contributed <1% to the explained variance in BV when expressed in absolute BV (ml) or as BV per kilogram body weight. When the model was cross validated on 41 new subjects and BV per kilogram body weight was reexpressed as raw BV, the results indicated that the statistical model would be stable under cross validation (e.g., predictive applications) with an accuracy of ± 1,200 ml at 95% confidence. Our results support the hypothesis that BV is an increasing function of aerobic fitness and to a lesser extent the age of the subject. The results may have implication as to a mechanism by which aerobic fitness and activity may be protective against reduced BV associated with aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1068-R1075
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume279
Issue number3 48-3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Age
  • Body fat
  • Body surface area
  • Maximal oxygen uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Validity of V̇O(2 max) in predicting blood volume: Implications for the effect of fitness on aging'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this