Validity of Single Question for Screening Intimate Partner Violence among Urban Latina Women

Young Ju Kim, Nilda Peragallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the validity of a single violence question compared with revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) as an initial tool which can be easily used in community-based health care settings to detect IPV in Latina women. Design and Sample: The study was conducted using secondary analyses of the baseline data from a culturally tailored HIV risk prevention project SEPA. A total of 657 Mexican and Puerto-Rican women aged 18–40, who reported sexual activities were interviewed. Measures: We used data regarding sociodemographic factors, Latino acculturation, a single violence question of “Did your partner hit or hurt you in any way?” and the CTS2 measuring intimate partner violence. Results: Using the CTS2 as a gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of a single question for screening partner physical violence was 45.9% and 94.7%, respectively. The positive likelihood ratio of a single question for physical violence was 8.59. The sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratio of a single question for screening psychological aggression were 17.9%, 98.5%, and 11.89, respectively. Conclusion: While a single question used in our study needs further improvement for desirable sensitivity, it may be usable as an initial question for detecting IPV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-575
Number of pages7
JournalPublic Health Nursing
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • intimate partner violence
  • Latinas
  • screening
  • secondary prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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