Utility of bronchoalveolar lavage in the assessment of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in nonAIDS immunocompromized patients

Raphael Breuer, Izidore S. Lossos, Joel S. Lafair, Dan Engelhard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The efficacy of bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage for diagnosing 32 episodes of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates was studied in 30 nonAIDS immunocompromized patients. Bronchoalveolar lavage had an overall diagnostic yield of 84% (27 of 32 episodes). Bronchoalveolar lavage was noncontributive in five episodes of pneumonitis: drug induced in one, nonspecific in three and pneumonitis of unestablished etiology in one. Overall, the procedure is safe and did not miss diagnoses for which conventional treatment was available. Our data support the use of bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage as the primary diagnostic procedure in immunocompromized patients with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-316
Number of pages4
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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