Using the extended parallel process model to prevent noise-induced hearing loss among coal miners in appalachia

Lisa Murray-Johnson, Kim Witte, Dhaval Patel, Victoria Orrego, Cynthia Zuckerman, Andrew M. Maxfield, Edward D. Thimons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Occupational noise-induced hearing loss is the second most self-reported occupational illness or injury in the United States. Among coal miners, more than 90% of the population reports a hearing deficit by age 55. In this formative evaluation, focus groups were conducted with coal miners in Appalachia to ascertain whether miners perceive hearing loss as a major health risk and if so, what would motivate the consistent wearing of hearing protection devices (HPDs). The theoretical framework of the Extended Parallel Process Model was used to identify the miners' knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and current behaviors regarding hearing protection. Focus group participants had strong perceived severity and varying levels of perceived susceptibility to hearing loss. Various barriers significantly reduced the self-efficacy and the response efficacy of using hearing protection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)741-755
Number of pages15
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Keywords

  • Extended Parallel Process Model
  • Hearing protection
  • Noise-induced hearing loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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