Using speed-sensing transmitters to construct a bioenergetics model for subadult lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris (Poey), in the field

L. Fredrik Sundström, Samuel H. Gruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several methods to indirectly estimate metabolism of aquatic animals have been reported, including heart rate, electromyograms, video recording, and averaging velocity of an animal moving between two or more points. The present study carried out in the lagoon at Bimini Islands, Bahamas, used acoustic, speed-sensing transmitters to indirectly estimate energy consumption of 1.5-2 m subadult lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris). Speed records from three sharks tracked a total of 170 h, yielded average swimming speeds of 0.44-0.71 m s-1. These speeds were converted into energy consumption to obtain metabolism. By combining the estimates of metabolism with calculated values on assimilation and production, we are able to present a balanced bioenergetics model for the subadult lemon shark: 100C = 7P + 66M + 26E, where C = consumption, P = production, M = metabolism, and E = excretion. When comparing juvenile lemon sharks to subadults, an ontogenetic shift is seen: 0 to 2 yr olds allocate 22% of consumed energy to production and 50% to metabolism while 6 to 9 yr olds show values of 7% and 66%, respectively. We believe this to be the first field-based, balanced equation presented for any large elasmobranch.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-247
Number of pages7
JournalHydrobiologia
Volume371-372
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

Negaprion brevirostris
bioenergetics
shark
energy metabolism
metabolism
electromyography
Bahamas
sharks
excretion
heart rate
acoustics
assimilation (physiology)
lagoon
animals
speed
animal
energy

Keywords

  • Bioenergetics
  • Lemon shark
  • Negaprion brevirostris
  • Swimming speed
  • Telemetry
  • Transmitter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Using speed-sensing transmitters to construct a bioenergetics model for subadult lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris (Poey), in the field. / Sundström, L. Fredrik; Gruber, Samuel H.

In: Hydrobiologia, Vol. 371-372, 01.01.1998, p. 241-247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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