Using Genomic Techniques in Sports and Exercise Science: Current Status and Future Opportunities

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

ABSTRACT: The past two decades have built on the successes of the Human Genome Project identifying the impact of genetics and genomics on human traits. Given the importance of exercise in the physical and psychological health of individuals across the lifespan, using genomics to understand the impact of genes in the sports medicine field is an emerging field. Given the complexity of the systems involved, high-throughput genomics is required to understand genetic variants, their functions, and ultimately their effect on the body. Consequently, genomic studies have been performed across several domains of sports medicine with varying degrees of success. While the breadth of these is great, they focus largely on the following three areas: 1) performance; 2) injury susceptibility; and 3) sports associated chronic conditions, such as osteoarthritis. Herein, we review literature on genetics and genomics in sports medicine, offer suggestions to bolster existing studies, and suggest ways to ideally impact clinical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-623
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Sports Medicine Reports
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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