Purpose: Bacillus cereus endophthalmitis occurring after penetrating ocular trauma has been almost always associated with a poor visual outcome. The purpose of our study was to review and report patients who had useful visual acuity outcomes. Methods: The study group consisted of five patients from a single medical center with penetrating ocular trauma and endophthalmitis caused by B. cereus. The study population was derived from a review of the microbiology records, clinical records, and operative reports of patients with culture-proven, post-traumatic endophthalmitis over a 15- year period. Patients were only included if the final visual acuity outcomes were 20/200 or better. Results: All five patients had penetrating ocular injuries, and four patients had a retained intraocular foreign body. Endophthalmitis was diagnosed preoperatively in three patients and intraoperatively in two patients. All patients underwent pars plana vitrectomy and injection of intravitreal and periocular antibiotics. Postoperatively, a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment developed in three patients between 4 weeks and 12 months after the injury (average, 19 weeks); all retinal detachments were reattached with additional vitreoretinal surgery. Final postoperative visual acuities were 20/200 (two patients), 20/30 (one patient), and 20/25 (two patients). The postoperative follow-up time interval ranged from 12 months to 30 months (average, 19.2 months). Conclusion: The current series adds further support to the observation that certain eyes with post-traumatic B. cereus endophthalmitis may be associated with preservation of anatomic integrity and restoration of useful visual acuity.
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