Use of ultrasound in the management of thyroid cancer

John I. Lew, Carmen C. Solorzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of ultrasound for thyroid cancer has evolved dramatically over the last few decades. Since the late 1960s, ultrasound has become essential in the examination of the thyroid gland with the increased availability of high-frequency linear array transducers and computer-enhanced imaging capabilities of modern day portable ultrasound equipment in a clinicor office-based setting. As a noninvasive, rapid, and easily reproducible imaging study, ultrasound has been demonstrated to have a broadened utility beyond the simple confirmation of thyroid nodules and their sizes. Recently, office-based ultrasound has become an integral part of clinical practice, where it has demonstrated overwhelming benefits to patients being evaluated and treated for thyroid cancer. Ultrasound has become useful in the qualitative characterization of thyroid nodules based on benign or malignant features. On the basis of such classifications and the relative risk for thyroid malignancy, the need for ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration, preoperative and intraoperative staging, lymph node mapping, and the extent of surgery can subsequently be determined. Furthermore, ultrasound has additional value in the surveillance of patients treated for thyroid cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-258
Number of pages6
JournalOncologist
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Lymph node metastasis
  • Recurrent thyroid cancer
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Ultrasound
  • Ultrasound staging
  • Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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