Use of sodium information on the nutrition facts label in new york city adults with hypertension

Tali Elfassy, Stella Yi, Donna Eisenhower, Ashley Lederer, Christine J. Curtis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Nutrition Facts (NF) label was established to help individuals monitor their nutrient intake and select healthier foods. This tool is particularly useful for individuals for whom dietary improvements are recommended, such as those with hypertension. Study objectives were to examine the independent association between hypertension and frequency of use of the NF label for sodium information and determine whether frequent use in individuals with hypertension was associated with differences in mean sodium intake assessed through 24-hour urine samples. Data came from the New York City Community Health Survey Heart Follow-Up Study, a cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 in a representative sample of New York City adults (n=1,656). Participants were asked questions regarding frequency of checking the NF label and also had 24-hour urine samples collected to assess actual sodium intake. Results indicated that hypertension was associated with frequent use of the NF label for sodium information (adjusted odds ratio 1.71, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.73). In individuals with hypertension, sodium intake did not differ between frequent vs nonfrequent use of the NF label for sodium information (3,084 mg/day vs 3,059 mg/day; P=0.92). Although individuals with hypertension compared to those with no hypertension had 71% higher odds of frequently using the NF label for sodium information, suggesting they may be interested in decreasing sodium intake, sodium intake did not differ by frequency of NF label use among those with hypertension. Future research should explore strategies to ensure that when nutrition information is used, it is translated into meaningful results, especially in individuals with health concerns such as hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-283
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume115
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

Keywords

  • 24-hour urine collection
  • Hypertension
  • Nutrition facts label
  • Sodium
  • Sodium reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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