Purpose To determine the clinical utility of intraocular videoendoscopy examination for the evaluation of the retina and optic nerve in patients being considered for a Boston type I keratoprosthesis (KPro). Design Interventional case series study. Methods Ten patients with a history of corneal blindness caused by failed penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and inability to accurately assess visual potential were included in this study. Ophthalmologic examination, B-scan ultrasonography, and pars plana videoendoscopy were carried out to assess the retina and optic nerve before KPro. Results Posterior segment examination was successfully used to evaluate the retina and optic nerve of all patients with opaque corneas. Out of 10 patients that underwent endoscopic examination, 3 (30%) were considered to be adequate candidates for KPro surgery and 7 (70%) were not. This was based on visualized retinal disease and/or optic nerve pathology. Of the 3 patients that underwent KPro surgery, all of them had a significant improvement of vision, including counting fingers to 20/100, hand motion to 20/5, and light perception to 20/80, as suggested by the endoscopy preoperative examination. No complications of the endoscopy procedure were observed. Conclusions This report demonstrates the successful use of intraocular videoendoscopy to rule out threats to a good visual outcome for patients being considered as candidates for KPro. Direct visualization of the posterior segment can be part of the preoperative algorithm in the decision process of performing a KPro surgery in patients when visual potential is questionable.
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