Use of handheld X-ray fluorescence spectrometry units for identification of arsenic in treated wood

Colleen N. Block, Tomoyuki Shibata, Helena M. Solo-Gabriele, Timothy G. Townsend

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of handheld XRF analyzers on wood that has been treated with a preservative containing arsenic. Experiments were designed to evaluate precision, detection limit, effective depth of analysis, and accuracy of the XRF arsenic readings. Results showed that the precision of the XRF improved with increased sample concentration and longer analysis times. Reported detection limits decreased with longer analysis times to values of less than 1 mg/kg or 18 mg/kg, depending on the model used. The effective depth of analysis was within the top 1.2 cm and 2.0 cm of sample for wood containing natural gradients of chemical preservative and concentration extremes, respectively. XRF results were found to be 1.5-2.3 times higher than measurements from traditional laboratory analysis. Equations can be developed to convert XRF values to results which are consistent with traditional laboratory testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-633
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume148
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Handheld
  • Treated wood
  • XRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Pollution

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