Use of a modified cluster sampling method to perform rapid needs assessment after Hurricane Andrew

W. G. Hlady, L. E. Quenemoen, R. R. Armenia-Cope, K. J. Hurt, J. Malilay, E. K. Noji, Gwen Wurm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objective: To rapidly obtain population-based estimates of needs in the early aftermath of Hurricane Andrew in South Florida. Methods: We used a modified cluster-sampling method (the Expanded Programme on Immunization [EPI] method) for three surveys. We selected a systematic sample of 30 quarter-mile square clusters for each survey and, beginning from a random start, interviewed members of seven consecutive occupied households in each cluster. Two surveys were of the most affected area (1990 population, 32,672) at three and ten days after the hurricane struck; one survey was of a less affected area (1990 population, 15,576) seven days after the hurricane struck. Measurements and main results: Results were available within 24 hours of beginning each survey. Initial findings emphasized the need for restoring utilities and sanitation and helped to focus medical relief on primary care and preventive services. The second survey of the most affected area showed improvement in the availability of food, water, electricity, and sanitation (P ≤ .05). There was no evidence of disease outbreaks. Conclusion: For the first time, the EPI method provided population-based information to guide and evaluate relief operations after a sudden-impact natural disaster. An improvement over previous approaches, the EPI method warrants further evaluation as a needs assessment tool in acute disasters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-725
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
Volume23
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Cyclonic Storms
Needs Assessment
Immunization Programs
Sanitation
Disasters
Population
Electricity
Disease Outbreaks
Surveys and Questionnaires
Primary Health Care
Food
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Hlady, W. G., Quenemoen, L. E., Armenia-Cope, R. R., Hurt, K. J., Malilay, J., Noji, E. K., & Wurm, G. (1994). Use of a modified cluster sampling method to perform rapid needs assessment after Hurricane Andrew. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 23(4), 719-725.

Use of a modified cluster sampling method to perform rapid needs assessment after Hurricane Andrew. / Hlady, W. G.; Quenemoen, L. E.; Armenia-Cope, R. R.; Hurt, K. J.; Malilay, J.; Noji, E. K.; Wurm, Gwen.

In: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 23, No. 4, 01.01.1994, p. 719-725.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hlady, WG, Quenemoen, LE, Armenia-Cope, RR, Hurt, KJ, Malilay, J, Noji, EK & Wurm, G 1994, 'Use of a modified cluster sampling method to perform rapid needs assessment after Hurricane Andrew', Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 719-725.
Hlady WG, Quenemoen LE, Armenia-Cope RR, Hurt KJ, Malilay J, Noji EK et al. Use of a modified cluster sampling method to perform rapid needs assessment after Hurricane Andrew. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 1994 Jan 1;23(4):719-725.
Hlady, W. G. ; Quenemoen, L. E. ; Armenia-Cope, R. R. ; Hurt, K. J. ; Malilay, J. ; Noji, E. K. ; Wurm, Gwen. / Use of a modified cluster sampling method to perform rapid needs assessment after Hurricane Andrew. In: Annals of Emergency Medicine. 1994 ; Vol. 23, No. 4. pp. 719-725.
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