Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1A (LGMD1A) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by progressive weakness of the hip and shoulder girdle. The gene for LGMD1A had been localized to a 7-cM interval at 5q31 in a single large family (Family 39). To refine the localization of LGMD1A further and to aid in its identification, a high-resolution physical map of the locus was used to identify and provisionally localize 25 polymorphic markers. A subset of these markers was then ordered genetically, using a CEPH meiotic breakpoint panel, resulting in an integrated physical-genetic map of the locus. Relevant markers were genotyped on the members of Family 39 who contained informative recombination events, resulting in a further narrowing of LGMD1A to an interval bounded by D5S479 and D5S594, estimated to be 2 Mb in size. Integration of the genetic and physical map permits the identification of several transcription units from within the narrowed LGMD1A interval, including one that is muscle specific, representing candidate genes for this familial dystrophy.
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