To determine whether or not transitional cell carcinoma cells will preferentially implant and grow on an altered urothelial surface, cauterization and instillation of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) were used to alter the murine bladder urothelium. Transplantable tumor cells (2.09 × 106) were placed into the bladders of 53 mice. Tumor cell implantation occurred in only 6 per cent of the mice with a normal bladder, whereas tumors were present in 28 per cent of mice pretreated with intravesical MNU and in 67 per cent of mice which had a portion of the bladder cauterized prior to insertion of tumor cells (p < 0.005). This study not only establishes the optimal technique for implantation in this experimental model, but also suggests that seeding may be a contributory factor in the high recurrence rate following endoscopic treatment of bladder tumors in man.
ASJC Scopus subject areas