Parkinson’s disease (PD) is defined by motor manifestations of tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, gait disorder, postural instability, and freezing. However, it is associated with multiple nonmotor problems, including voiding difficulties. The recognition of the importance of the nonmotor symptoms is illustrated by their incorporation into newly developed scales such as the SCOPA project in 2004 and the Nonmotor Screening Questionnaire in 2005 (Marinus et al. 2004, 388-395; Chaudhuri et al. 2005, 275-283). Urological symptoms in PD have a stereotypical presentation and character, with their pathophysiology localized to the basal ganglia. A neurologist who obtains a thorough clinical history and who is acquainted with the neurourology of PD can play an important role in the management of this particular problem.
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