Urinary incontinence in women: biofeedback as an innovative treatment method

Marta Kopańska, Silvia Torices, Joanna Czech, Wiktoria Koziara, Michal Toborek, Łukasz Dobrek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Urinary incontinence is an involuntary urination (leakage of urine). About 200 million people suffer from this condition, and 60% of cases are concealed and untreated because of shame. It is estimated that an increasing number of young women and women of menopausal age will suffer from urinary incontinence. This disease occurs during the perinatal, perimenopausal period, as a result of brain damage or an unhealthy lifestyle. There are four main types of urinary incontinence: stress, urge, overflow and mixed form. Treatment is adapted to the severity of disease, its type and includes physiotherapeutic treatment (kinesiotherapy, physiotherapy, massage), pharmacological, psychological and surgical treatment. In recent years, growing interest has been observed in the noninvasive biofeedback method. The patient learns to contract the weakened pelvic floor muscles, constantly monitoring progress in treatment. She is also motivated by visual and auditory stimuli. Growing evidence confirms the effectiveness of this method, which to a large extent eliminates urinary incontinence. Nevertheless, attention should also be paid to prevention, which reduces the risk of involuntary leakage of urine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Urology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • biofeedback
  • physiotherapeutic methods
  • urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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