Unique factors that place older hispanic women at risk for HIV: Intimate partner violence, machismo, and marianismo

Rosina Cianelli, Natalia Villegas, Sarah Lawson, Lilian Ferrer, Lorena Kaelber, Nilda Peragallo, Alexandra Yaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hispanic women who are 50 years of age and older have been shown to be at increased risk of acquiring HIV infection due to age and culturally related issues. The purpose of our study was to investigate factors that increase HIV risk among older Hispanic women (OHW) as a basis for development or adaptation of an age and culturally tailored intervention designed toprevent HIV-related risk behaviors. We useda qualitative descriptive approach. Five focus groups were conducted in Miami, Florida, with 50 participants. Focus group discussions centered around eightmajor themes: intimate partner violence (IPV), perimenopausal-postmenopausal-related biological changes, cultural factors that interfere with HIV prevention, emotional and psychological changes, HIV knowledge, HIV risk perception, HIV risk behaviors, and HIV testing. Findings from our study stressed the importance of nurses' roles in educating OHW regarding IPV and HIV prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-354
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Older Hispanic women
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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