Uniparental disomy of chromosome 16 unmasks recessive mutations of FA2H /SPG35 in 4 families

Anne S. Soehn, Tim W. Rattay, Stefanie Beck-Wödl, Karin Schäferhoff, David Monk, Marion Döbler-Neumann, Konstanze Hörtnagel, Agatha Schlüter, Montserrat Ruiz, Aurora Pujol, Stephan Züchner, Olaf Riess, Rebecca Schüle, Peter Bauer, Ludger Schöls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Identifying an intriguing mechanism for unmasking recessive hereditary spastic paraplegias. Method: Herein, we describe 4 novel homozygous FA2H mutations in 4 nonconsanguineous families detected by whole-exome sequencing or a targeted gene panel analysis providing high coverage of all known hereditary spastic paraplegia genes. Results: Segregation analysis revealed in all cases only one parent as a heterozygous mutation carrier whereas the other parent did not carry FA2H mutations. A macro deletion within FA2H, which could have caused a hemizygous genotype, was excluded by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification in all cases. Finally, a microsatellite array revealed uniparental disomy (UPD) in all 4 families leading to homozygous FA2H mutations. UPD was confirmed by microarray analyses and methylation profiling. Conclusion: UPD has rarely been described as causative mechanism in neurodegenerative diseases. Of note, we identified this mode of inheritance in 4 families with the rare diagnosis of spastic paraplegia type 35 (SPG35). Since UPD seems to be a relevant factor in SPG35 and probably additional autosomal recessive diseases, we recommend segregation analysis especially in nonconsanguineous homozygous index cases to unravel UPD as mutational mechanism. This finding may bear major repercussion for genetic counseling, given the markedly reduced risk of recurrence for affected families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-191
Number of pages6
JournalNeurology
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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    Soehn, A. S., Rattay, T. W., Beck-Wödl, S., Schäferhoff, K., Monk, D., Döbler-Neumann, M., Hörtnagel, K., Schlüter, A., Ruiz, M., Pujol, A., Züchner, S., Riess, O., Schüle, R., Bauer, P., & Schöls, L. (2016). Uniparental disomy of chromosome 16 unmasks recessive mutations of FA2H /SPG35 in 4 families. Neurology, 87(2), 186-191. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000002843