We, herein, report a patient with persistent left superior vena cava with enlarged coronary sinus and absent right superior vena cava. This anomaly, diagnosed intraoperatively during the third open-heart surgery in the course of transesophageal echocardiography examination, was not mentioned during the patient's previous two cardiac operations. Challenges in intraoperative management and implications for subsequent treatments are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine