Underwater imaging in optical turbulence: Average temperature and salinity effects

Yalçin Ata, Olga Korotkova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Classic imaging systems may experience deleterious effects of optical turbulence, leading to their quality degradation induced by image jitter and blur.Using a recently introduced model for the refractive index power spectrumof natural water turbulence accounting for average temperature in the range of 0°-30°C and average salinity concentration in NaCl in the range of 0-40 ppt, we derive expressions for turbulence-induced modulation transfer functions. Our analysis indicates that the imaging systems are very sensitive not only to the variance of fluctuations in these parameters but also to their average values.Our results are essential for underwater optical engineering, providing regional and seasonal variations in optical turbulence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8969-8976
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number28
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Underwater imaging in optical turbulence: Average temperature and salinity effects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this